Our Dublin Medical Negligence Solicitors have detailed experience in representing people with brain injuries and other injury compensation claims. We will focus entirely on your needs by providing vigorous expert representation to ensure that you receive maximum damages for your medical negligence claim. Our experienced lawyers are able to deal with a wide range of brain injuries.

Brain Injury

Brain injuries are one of the leading causes of death and disability in people involved in an automobile accident.  Other common causes of brain injury include falls, sports injuries and violent acts against the individual.  Brain injuries can result from bleeding in the brain, skull fracture, subdural hematoma, epidural hematoma, and coup-contracoup injuries.

Signs and symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a brain injury include being unconscious, whether it be for a few minutes or indefinitely.  The individual often cannot remember the cause of the injury or the events that occurred before or after the injury (up to 24 hours afterward).  The person cannot remember new information and is often confused or disoriented.  There is often nausea and vomiting, blurry vision, headache and dizziness, which can be long-lasting.

If the head injury causes bruising in the brain, there is no real surgical cure for the condition.  The main goal is to reduce swelling which can save brain cells and prevent herniation of the brain through the base of the brain—a hole called the foramen magnum.  If a herniation occurs, the pressure causes brainstem dysfunction and the individual dies from respiratory or cardiac arrest.  Sometimes the doctor makes an intentional large hole in the skull with the broken skull put over the hole in the brain to allow for swelling to go out of the hole.  This is called doing a craniotomy.  When the brain resolves its swelling, then the doctor put the broken skull back and sutures or staples it in place.

A brain injury can result from a bleed just around the brain.   This is called a subdural hematoma and can be associated with a skull fracture.  Subdural hematomas can cause brain cell damage by pushing on the brain as it expands.  Subdural hematomas can be noticeable right away and can be called acute subdural hematomas.  Those blood clots that aren’t noticed for several weeks or months are called chronic subdural hematomas.  Chronic subdural hematomas are common in the elderly who fall and hit their head, later developing dementia-like symptoms from pressure on their brains.

Epidural hematomas tend to be more dangerous to people because the bleeding, located just inside the skull, is usually arterial bleeding that quickly fills up into the brain cavity and can kill a person easily.  Epidural hematomas are a common type of brain injury that happens in motor vehicle accidents.  In many cases, the attending physician must drill hole in the skull so the pressure is relieved and the blood and clot can drain from the hole.

A skull fracture may or may not contribute to brain trauma.  If the skull fracture happens to be a depressed skull fracture, however, it can cause death of brain cells and brain injury.  Simple linear skull fractures often do not cause any brain trauma.

There is a unique kind of injury called a coup-contracoup injury.  It happens in situations where the head is shaken violently with the brain also being shaken violently inside the skull.  There is an injury at the initial site of the trauma but, because the brain was shaken, there is often an injury to the brain directly to the opposite side of the brain.  This secondary brain injury is called the contracoup injury, while the initial injury is called the coup injury.  At times, the contracoup injury can be more damaging to the brain than the coup injury.

Legal Advice

If you or a loved one suffered personal injury caused by a brain injury, please contact us to speak with one of our specialist solicitors who can evaluate your case to determine your legal rights and options.

We offer free consultations for advice to find out whether you have a good case, how to go about claiming and how much your compensation might be worth. We will give you clear unequivocal advice about your chances of success and the anticipated value of your claim. If after talking to us you decide not to take your brain injury compensation claim further you are under no obligation to do so and you will not be charged anything at all.

For more information or to arrange a meeting freephone 1800 303 556 or email ascally@lavellesolicitors.ie

*In contentious business, a solicitor may not calculate fees or other charges as a percentage or proportion of any award or settlement. This statement is made in compliance with RE.8 of SI 518 of 2002.